Amen, Amon, Amun, Imen  Primeval Creator God mentioned already in the Pyramid Texts (5th Dynasty) as a primeval deity whose shadow protects the other gods. His female counterpart is Amaunet . He is often called “The Hidden One” which shows an association with invisibility . The ancients regarded him as being behind and in all things, a deity too complex to describe in one name or even possible to depict in his true form. Therefore another name was “He who abides in all things”. ‘Hidden of aspect, mysterious of form’ or the ( BA ) of the all things .

 

Amun and the Ogdoad.

Amun and his female counterpart Amaunet, are one of four pairs of the Creation Myth which originated in Hermopolis (el-Ashmunein). Amun in his form of a snake (Amun Kem-Atef) is also the forerunner, or ancestor of these eight deities

 

Forms and Sacred Animals

 

As the creator behind all of cosmos, also other deities were unaware of his true form. He was sometimes depicted in the form of the Nile Goose, and sometimes as a ram with curved horns or as a ram-headed man. These two animals; the goose and the ram, were sacred to him, and therefore never offered. The connection with the goose might come from the creation myth about the “Gengen Wer” (means: Great Honker or Great Cackler) – the goose which carried the egg from which life came forth, and indicated Amun as a creator god, while the ram´s creative energy indicated him as a fertility god. As Amun-Min he was also shown in ityphallic form.

 

Another frequent image of Amun shows him in human form, with two tall plumes on top of his head, seated on a throne. His skin is blue like lapis lazuli which was a highly treasured, semi-precious stone, and he is wearing a short kilt. On top of his crown are two tall plumes, signifying him as a sky deity, and it is said that he was as invisible as the wind.

Amun-Re

Already in the 11th Dynasty, Amun was merged with the royal sun-cult of Re in Heliopolis. His importance grew and he was imported at Thebes where he became Amun-Re, the Sun-god, or the ‘King of the Gods’, which title appears for the first time in Dyn 12. This was an effort at making Amun the most important of all deities and to link him to the kingship as being the divine father of the ruler. Many kings called themselves Mery-Amun (Beloved of Amun)

Though he was the High God, he also was a deity to whom the commoner could turn to in times of need. Papyrii tells of him protecting the rights of the poor in law courts and he is called the ‘vizier of the humble’ who comes at the voice of the poor’. There are also traces of Amun being ‘Amun of the road’, a protector of travellers